The Government of India implemented the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Rules, 2016 to regulate the management of solid waste in the country. These rules apply to all types of solid waste, including municipal solid waste, hazardous waste, biomedical waste, and construction and demolition waste. The rules aim to:
- Promote the segregation of waste at the source
- Encourage the use of scientific methods for the collection, storage, transportation, and processing of waste
- Promote the use of waste-to-energy technologies
The SWM Rules, 2016 require all urban local bodies (ULBs) to prepare a solid waste management plan outlining the measures they will take to manage solid waste within their jurisdiction. The rules also specify the responsibilities of various stakeholders, including ULBs, waste generators, and waste processors. Non-compliance with the rules can result in fines and penalties.
Some key provisions of the SWM Rules, 2016 include:
- The segregation of waste at the source into dry, wet, and hazardous categories
- The requirement for ULBs and other stakeholders to collect waste at least once a day using covered vehicles and to maintain records
- The encouragement of scientific waste processing methods, such as composting, recycling, and waste-to-energy technologies
- The requirement for the proper disposal of waste, including the use of landfills with leachate collection and treatment systems.
Overall, the SWM Rules, 2016 provide a comprehensive framework for the management of solid waste in India and aim to promote the adoption of sustainable waste management practices.